The Veterans Metrics Initiative: Linking Program Components to Post-Military Well-Being Study (TVMI Study) concluded in 2019, and researchers at the Clearinghouse for Military Family Readiness at Penn State continued independent data collection (fourth survey year). The new research effort, known as the Veterans Engaging in Transition Studies (VETS), began in 2020. A sample of 3,516 veterans were surveyed. The TVMI well-being survey was modified and new lines of survey questions were added that focused on the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. In partnership with the Pew Student Loan Research Project, the scope and scale of veterans’ higher education experiences and debt obligations were explored.